Mathematical constants in C++20
When I researched the library and language features of C++20 for the Meeting C++ Community survey, this one catched my eye.
And I thought its such a nice small feature, I should mention it on the blog. As all other C++20 blog posts right now seem to be about coroutines. It also is a nice follow up on an old blog of mine: C++ & π, where I showed the various ways of obtaining pi for C++ in 2013.
Now with C++20 there is support for pi in the standard with mathematical constants, residing in the namespace std::numbers:
inline constexpr double pi = pi_v<double>();
But wait there is more, alongside pi you also get inverse pi and inverse sqrt pi. The full list of supported constants:
- pi, inv_pi, inv_sqrtpi
- e ("Eulers number")
- log2e & log10e
- ln2 & ln10
- sqrt2 & sqrt3 + inv_sqrt3
- egamma (Euler Mascheroni constant)
- phi (golden ratio)
These are also provided as variable template (*_v, e.g. phi_v), the standard specializes these for float, double and long double. For a non standard type you could create your own specialization.
And together is this set of irrational numbers a great addition to the C++ Standard!
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